The Death Penalty

Sample Essay:The Death Penalty

The death penalty has been supported by the argument that it is a far better means of deterring criminal actions. However, the evidence does not attest to the practical value of the death penalty as opposed to alternative mechanisms like life imprisonment. In the United States, recently, the rates of crimes in states that use the death penalty and those that have it, historically shown no differences. Contrarily, the death penalty has been cited as an incitement to grievous criminal harm. The death penalty is challenged by the argument that espouses society’s duty to protect life and that individuals have a right to live.

            The conflict and consensus models affect the death penalty’s deployment because justice and the law tend to have a social and political construct. Individual classes may fall victim to violent crimes or become perpetrators as opposed to others. Thus, the lack of universality of human conditions may affect the moral rectitude in the institutionalization of capital punishment in society (Adinkrah & Clemens, 2018). Consensus theories seek to justify commonalities among people and thus tend to overlook critical power differences. Conflict theory recognizes the influence of power imbalances in society and may advocate greater rationality in the systems of punishment and sanctions in the nation.

Capital punishment is necessary for certain respects, and it is also unnecessary, depending on how society is constituted in light of broad ethical and moral concerns. Advanced nations with suitable social and welfare safeguards and an appropriate mechanism for crime control may not need to scare its members with the death penalty as opposed to those underdeveloped societies where the animal state of existence reigns supreme (Swiffen, 2016). The modalities of punishment should have concord with social and political development in the community. Prisons are far safer places to lock criminals and correct criminal behavior in ways that do not take away life.


Adinkrah, M., & Clemens, W. M. (2018). To reinstate or to not reinstate? An exploratory study   of student perspectives on the death penalty in Michigan. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology62(1), 229-252.

Swiffen, A. (2016). Mastery Over the Time of the Other: The Death Penalty and Life in Prison    Without Parole. Law and Critique27(2), 171-186.

The Role of Advocacy and Social Change

The Role of Advocacy and Social Change when Working with Culturally Diverse Clients

The African American community is a particularly unique social category because of the history of slavery and official subjugation over the years. Working with the community for advocacy and social change is a particular interest bearing in mind the impetus for change the community has expressed after the Obama Presidency, which made a great deal of effort to address the community’s critical concerns. In the contemporary scene, the community has diverse role models and institutional systems that promise robust progress and a future of greater integration and societal acceptability particularly in the aftermath of the George Floyd fiasco with the criminal justice system, which has been accused of excessive use of force and ethnic profiling over the years. Poverty causes many problems like criminality, reckless drug use, and many socially retrogressive conditions. Through advocacy and social change, human service professionals can work with communities to alleviate the problems of poverty gradually to initiate progress.

The African American populations in America have changed over the years, particularly due to the American Green card Lottery initiative and the recent political changes that have been witnessed. According to the 2018 U.S. population census, the African American population comprises 12.7% of the total population amounting to 40.9 million people. The community has witnessed racial injustices and subjugation over the years. Thus, it has witnessed structural violence in a sense due to the struggles to abridge the socioeconomic gaps created out of strained socialization and institutionalized subjugation. After the Civil Rights Movement, which led to the institutionalization of considerable reforms in the race relations, the community has witnessed dramatic changes in critical services like education, access to medical care and social security because of affirmative action programs.

Recent economic developments in the United States have generally changed the plight of the African American community despite popular sentiment about the same. Most inner-city neighborhoods, which have suffered the most, are thriving with better educational and recreational facilities, better access to excellent schooling facilities, and better security, which tends to boost the overall state of welfare (Gorski, 2017). Drug dependence causes poor health outcomes and mental health concerns, which diminish the prospects of integration into the broader social spectrum of American society.

Cultural Competency Skills Applicable To the Social Problem of Poverty

Poverty in America is a unique social problem because it arises from a unique process of misunderstanding, exclusionary processes, lack of resources, the collective history of discord, and many other systematic challenges of depravity. In communicating social change and advocating progress, it is essential to cultivate proactive disposition, problem-solving, communication, and self-reliance (Offutt et al., 2016). It is noteworthy that the education system is one of the most critical institutional processes for poverty alleviation and community empowerment. Encouraging the community members to embrace educational opportunities at whatever stage is a way of planting the seeds of progress.

Poverty occurs as injustice, socioeconomic depravity, and lack of social connection within communities. The community members need to understand that justice is often deliberative, and being proactive and critically inclined to make changes is a fundamentally viable way of achieving rapid progress. Self-reliance and self-esteem are essential skills to cultivate among the community to evade the many pitfalls people experience because of poverty (Ivinson et al., 2017). Leadership as a social skill is vital for the community at the household and community levels so that useful priorities can be set, and the necessary resources are mobilized towards attaining the desired goals. Moreover, cultural competency skills of cooperation, coordination, and mobilization of community members for the development of relevant and suitable social institutions that secure the lives and futures of younger members of the community is particularly vital for the community in the light of continuous gang activity and drug use.

Ethical Challenges in Advocating Social Change for Poverty Alleviation

The critical challenge in advocacy and social change promotion among a historically disadvantaged community is the expectation that people get agitated when certain viewpoints are pronounced that do not resonate with the community’s social sentimentality and prevalent political dispositions. Most communities faced with poverty believe that resources alone can solve the problem while, in reality, cultural change and social change, which can be cultivated through advocacy, can equally go a long way. Ethical challenges could also arise in trying to make sense or give explanations as to the causes and effects. Practical communication skills and professionalism is called for in addressing the critical problem of poverty among the African American community.

Human service professionals have to abide by the cardinal ethical principles of the profession: justice, beneficence, promise-keeping, non-malfeasance, truth-telling, justice, and autonomy. The professional has to model intervention advocacy programs and social change that is both targeted and appropriate within the unique circumstances of the individuals or community. Poverty creates vulnerabilities, which can be exploited. However, empowerment with information and institutional processes to yield necessary safeguards can help communities progress through those challenges. Moreover, there are vital resources of leadership, role-modeling, and proactive engagement within communities, which can go a long way in addressing ubiquitous problems (Roper, 2017). The NOHS ethical standards are vital considerations because they spell the limits and the mode of operation of human service professionals. For instance, recognizing the dignity of all people makes human service professionals proactive and acceptable among diverse working experiences. A spirit of tolerance for diversity and skillful communication can be achieved in situations mired by conflicts of ideas and opinions.


Diller, J. V. (2013). Cultural diversity: A primer for the human services. Nelson Education.

Gorski, P. C. (2017). Reaching and teaching students in poverty: Strategies for erasing the  opportunity gap. Teachers College Press.

Ivinson, G., Beckett, L., Thompson, I. C., Wrigley, T., Egan, D., Leitch, R., & McKinney, S. (2017). The research commission on poverty and policy advocacy.

Offutt, S., Bronkema, F. D., Murphy, K. V., & Davis, R. (2016). Advocating for Justice: An Evangelical Vision for Transforming Systems and Structures. SOCIAL WORK CHRISTIANITY&, 94.

Roper, C. (2017). Social justice leadership: advocating equity, access, and opportunity for black  students attending urban high-poverty elementary schools.

Good Problem Solution Essay Topics for Firm Writing

Good Problem Solution Essay Topics for Firm Writing

The problem-solution essay is a popular academic assignment. It is a form of persuasive writing where you have to explain the problem to your readers, convince them that the problem is significant and worth solving, present your solution, and refute any possible counterarguments that you can foresee.

A good problem and solution essay suggests an actionable and efficient solution. It doesn’t have to be easy, but it must be realistic and possible to implement. Keep that in mind while brainstorming problem solution essay topics.

The composition depends on your essay’s volume. However, there are some necessary elements.

Introduction to the problem

In your essay’s introduction, lay the problem out before your readers. If the word count allows it, you can add some background information, such as the cause of the problem, contributing issues, and its effects on a community. Include a short solution proposal as a thesis statement – just outline it in one or two sentences.
Explain the significance of the problem
In the body of your essay, explore the problem and the solution you propose in detail. Present relevant research data to reinforce the importance of the issues at hand. Why should it be solved? Why should your audience care? How will the solution benefit everyone? Depending on the nature of the problem you’ve chosen, you can build your arguments on logic and statistical data or appeal to your audience’s emotions by sharing a relatable human-interest story.

Detail the solution you propose
Depending on the problem and word limit, you can propose several solutions. If that’s the case, make sure you explore each answer in a different paragraph. Alternatively, if you have chosen to examine one solution, give each reason why this specific solution is good in a separate section.

Be practical
Your solution doesn’t have to be a step-by-step business plan with every little thing provided for, but a healthy dose of pragmatism never hurts. If your solution requires funding, think of where the funds can be procured. What non-profit organizations can you involve in your project? What is the approximate timeline of the project? And so on.

Be persuasive
Don’t forget that your goal is to persuade the audience that the problem is worth solving and that your solution is the most efficient. Appeal to any successful implementations of the solution if it was carried out before. If this is a new and original proposition, you may have to build your case on logical arguments. Cite any relevant data, expert opinion, studies, statistics, etc., as evidence. Explain why you are convinced your solution will be effective.

End on a strong note
In your concluding paragraph, reiterate the gravity of the problem and reaffirm your solution’s importance by putting it into a broader context. Recap your most significant arguments for the answer you’ve proposed and outline the steps that should be taken immediately. End with a call to action or with a thought-provoking rhetorical question that will make your audience agree with you. For example, “Wouldn’t we all benefit from living in a fairer society?” or “Isn’t human life the most important value we should strive to protect?”

As you can see, writing a problem and solution essay is not rocket science. If you have basic essay-writing skills and have ever dealt with research and persuasive writing, you will do just fine.

However, for your essay to be a success, you must choose the appropriate topic you can handle. Here is where we can help. Below you will find 100 topics for problem solution essays grouped by discipline. Some of them are interdisciplinary, so if you don’t find what you need in a corresponding section, look in others. You may find something suitable there. The scale skews on the larger side, so feel free to narrow the topic down if you need something less ambitious.

Welcome Back! Mid-Year Blues? Be Motivated All Year!


College Student Needing Motivation!

If you are a college student starting your spring semester right now and you don’t feel like this… well you’re bluffing. Many of my college friends and I are dying for spring break to be here already and we just started classes! It’s very easy to get burnt out after finals and get too comfortable on the couch during winter break. Next thing you know January rolls around and you’ve lost all motivation! I want to share with you a few simple things you can implement into your everyday routine that will ready you to conquer the spring semester! Lets do it!

Identify Your Obstacles

Do you keep getting stuck and just can’t figure out what your road block is? Now is the time to sit down and really figure out what your obstacles are and conquer them. If you don’t attack the problem now it can lead to bigger things down the road. Think about your learning style, maybe you should try studying or taking notes differently. Join a study group and get someone else’s take on things.

Rethink Your Routine

Start by making your time work for you. I can’t stress how important this is to keep your sanity. At the beginning of every day, week, and month get clear on what you need to accomplish to make everyday a success. When you feel like you accomplished something at the end of the day you will be more likely to continue those habits and be motivated to succeed again. Schedule time for classes, set aside time for homework (don’t do homework in your easier classes!), make sure you have social time and even “me” time. Scheduling your day to the hour may seem restricting, but really it is liberating! You will have peace of mind because you know you have time set aside for that pesky assignment later and you can enjoy your lunch with friends in the now.

Make a Vision Board

If you haven’t already heard of the law of attraction, it’s about time you have. A vision board can be personalized and mean anything. Take a poster board, a cork board, or just tape things to your walls and start using your imagination! Creating one is easy, print or cut out pictures and symbols of the things you want to accomplish, have, or aspire to be. It’s purpose is to create a positive space that you can look at everyday to remind you to stay motivated. Add your short term and long term goals so that you can visualise your success and wake up hungry for it everyday.

Find a Support Network

Nothing is easy to do alone! And why would you want to? Life is much more enriching and fun with people around you whom you enjoy and who support you. A network can be your personal friends, teachers, tutors, social media, and even websites like Studypool. Our tutors are wonderful! They log on everyday just for you and want to answer your questions, or they wouldn’t be here. Use your networking skills to your advantage. Create relationships that will benefit you in the long run.

Plan Your Vacation!

All you can think about is Spring Break; so take advantage of that! Start planning your vacation now so that you know you have something to reward yourself with and look forward to. Go ahead and create a vision board about it! Its an absolute must to reward yourself for all your hard work and motivation you continued to muster up all year. So treat yourself!

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