HOW TO MANAGE YOUR MIGRAINE

Migraines are a recurrent throbbing headache that usually lasts four hours to three days. It mostly affects one side of the head but can spread to the other side. Sensitivity to light, sound, and nausea are other symptoms of migraines. Migraines are recurrent, and sadly there is no permanent treatment. Luckily there are home remedies that you can use to provide fast relief. They also help in preventing migraine headaches without relying on medications.

TIPS TO MANAGE MIGRAINES

RELIEF WITH A COLD TOWEL

A wet towel is one of the most effective remedies for relieving migraine pain. Damp a towel with water, squeeze the excess liquid then put it in a freezer for about 5 minutes. The cloth will become colder which is the best state for relieving migraines. Lay the cold towel over the tip of the head and eyes. It immediately brings relief, especially around the eyes. A scalp massage also helps in relieving the headache. You can massage your head by applying circular strokes gently to the affects areas for pain relief or get the service of a professional masseur therapist.

AROMATHERAPY

Aromatherapy which is the use of essential oils and aromatic plant extracts for healing purposes brings relief by allowing you to breathe in some soothing and relaxing aromas. It also brings in soothing effect to the entire body. Lavender and peppermint oil are the most popular for migraine therapy because of the superior soothing and relaxing properties.

3. TAKE GINGER FOR PAIN REDUCTION

Fresh ginger is an effective herbal remedy for reducing the pain of a migraine headache. If fresh ginger is too strong for you, try ginger in powder slightly cooked form as it has the same benefits.

REDUCE STRESS TRIGGERS

There are many ways to reduce stress such as spending time with an enjoyable company, doing things you love, exercising, meditating or taking a rest from the usual and stressing activities. Try to determine and change the things that make you tense. Stress management and counseling help a lot. It also helps if you try a biofeedback program that allows you to learn the best ways of influencing certain things such as breathing and heart rate to cam stress.

CUT DOWN ON CAFFEINE INTAKE

Too much caffeine in food or beverage can trigger migraines, but the sudden cutting back can also cause a headache. It is essential to ease off slowly from taking caffeine if it is one of the triggers for your headache.

HAVE A REGULAR MEAL TIMETABLE

Eat regularly without skipping or having a long period between meals. Staying hungry for long makes the blood sugar to reduce and can cause a migraine. Carry healthy snacks if you will be away from a place where you can make or buy food for long. Unsalted nuts, vegetables with hummus and organic dry fruit are some of the items to consider for a healthy snack. It is also essential to take much water to stay well hydrated.

PERFORM REGULAR CARDIO EXERCISES

A study in Sweden showed that cardio exercises such as cycling indoors at least 3 times a get fewer headaches and less pain after 3 months. Moderate cardio such as jogging or Zumba thrice week is a good starting point. It is essential to gradually build up the intensity of exercise as leaping in too hard or fast sets off a migraine. A doctor can help you to determine the best activities if you get a headache after a workout.

TRACK TRIGGERS OF A MIGRAINE HEADACHE

There are different causes of migraines such as dehydration, cheese, red wine, dark chocolate, flying or flashing lights. It is vital for you to note down the things that trigger your migraine for you to avoid them. You can notice the pattern by recoding the details of every trigger on a paper diary or a smartphone application.

CONSIDER USING SUPPLEMENTS

Supplementing diet with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), magnesium, vitamin B2 or butterbur herbs helps in preventing migraines. It is essential to consult a doctor about the suitability of using supplements, especially for pregnant or nursing women.

One or combination of the above actions will help in relieving or preventing migraines. Getting enough sleep also helps in achieving the best result.

SHOULD YOU BREATHE THROUGH YOUR MOUTH OR NOSE

SHOULD YOU BREATHE THROUGH YOUR MOUTH OR NOSE

Some children and even adults tend to breathe through their mouth instead of the nose. Nasal breathing is better than breathing through the mouth when exercising, participating in activities of daily life or sleeping. Breathing through the mouth tricks the brain into thinking that carbon dioxide is leaving the body too fast thus stimulating the production of mucus in the body’s attempt to slow breathing down.

WHY NASAL BREATHING IS BETTER THAN MOUTH BREATHING

Nasal breathing is healthier as it makes the lungs to take oxygen from the air and oxygen absorption take place mostly on inhalation. The nose is smaller than the mouth and exhaling through it creates more air pressure, therefore, slowing exhalation. It gives the lungs some extra time for extracting more oxygen.

NASAL BREATHING ALSO HAS THESE ADVANTAGES.

MORE OXYGEN SUPPLY

Nasal breathing is more efficient than inhaling through the mouth regarding oxygen supply to the body when performing cardiovascular exercises. If you run out of breath when exercising, it is easier to exhale from the mouth, but this reduces the amount of oxygen that you extract for each exhalation.

AIR PURIFICATION

Nostrils and sinuses play an essential part in warming t and filtering the air before it gets to the lungs. The filtering effect helps to keep the bacteria and particles from the body. Nasal breathing when exercising during chilly weather prevents a vertical flow of cold air to the lungs which can cause throat and chest pain.

BALANCES PH

Nasal breathing helps in proper exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide during respiration to promote a balanced pH. Mouth breathing causes fast loss of carbon dioxide thus decreasing oxygen absorption which can cause fainting or dizziness.

SNORING

Breathing through the nose makes the air to pass through nasal mucosa that stimulates the reflex nerves that aid in controlling breathing. The nasal mucosa is an inhaled air sensor that activates during nasal breathing to send stimuli to breath-controlling reflex nerves. Mouth breathing does not send any stimuli to reflex nerves since in bypasses nasal mucosa, and it can cause irregular breaking patterns.

Breathing through the mouth is a cause of regular breathing difficulties that cause loud snoring or even sleep apnea because there is no breathing regulation. Breathing through the mouth increases the risk of heart conditions which like sleep apnea can occur due short periods of suffocation that happen when breathing is unregulated.

PROMOTES GOOD ORAL HEALTH

Breathing through the mouth increases the loss of water contribution to dehydration and drying of gums. Dry gums increase acidity within the mouth and increase the risk of a cavity as well as gum disease. Breathing with the mouth especially for the older folks can even have worse effects. It can cause severe breath, dental problems, and hoarseness. A habit of breathing through the moth is also detrimental to children as it might cause alteration of the airway and worsen existing sleep apnea.

REDUCES RISK OF STRESS AND HYPERTENSION

Breathing through the nose slows down the process until the body achieves the appropriate pace. It helps in preventing you from overexerting during a workout or manual work. Daily activities can leave you in a state of tiredness, stress, and overstimulation which all build up to fight or flight state response. Inhalation and exhalation through the nose help you to take fuller deeper breaths and make the lower lung to distribute more oxygen throughout the body.

Nasal breathing has more benefits and has a connection with other body functions. The nose has olfactory bulbs that are direct extensions of the hypothalamus. Hypothalamus is the part of your bring that control many bodily functions such as blood pressure, heartbeat, appetite, thirst and sleep cycles. It is also responsible for influencing emotion and memory.

SIGNS THAT YOUR CHILD MIGHT HAVE AN EAR INFECTION

An ear infection occurs because of bacterial attack. It mostly begins after a child gets a cold, sore throat or other infections on the upper respiratory tract. If the infection on the upper respiratory tract is a result of bacterial infection, the same bacteria can spread to the mid-year. If the cause of infection is a viral attack such as a common cold, it could be drawn to a microbe-friendly environment and move to the middle ear in the form of a secondary infection. The infection turns to an ear infection by causing fluid to build up behind the eardrum.

TYPES OF EAR INFECTION

Children can get one of these three different types of infections, and each has different symptoms.

OTITIS MEDIA WITH EFFUSION (OME)

OME may occur after an ear infection runs its course and the trapped fluid stays on behind the eardrum. A child suffering from OME may fail to show any other symptoms, but a doctor can use specialist ear checking instruments to see any fluid trapped behind the eardrum.

ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA (AOM)

AOM is the type of ear infection that affects most people. It is an infection that occurs and causes swelling on the middle ear with fluid settle behind the eardrum. It causes pain in the ear which people refer to as an earache. The child might also have a high fever.

CHRONIC OTITIS MEDIA WITH EFFUSION (COME)

COME occurs when fluid stays static in the middle ear for an extended period or recurs frequently even without another sign of infection. COME makes it difficult for the children to fight new infections and may also impair their hearing.

SIGNS OF AN EAR INFECTION IN A CHILD

One of the signs or a combination shows that that a child is likely to have an ear infection.

EAR PAIN (EARACHE)

An earache is usually the first noticeable symptom, and your child might have perennial complaints about hurting in the ear. A toddler cannot speak but will become irritable or keeps on pulling at the ear. The ear pain can be mild or severe.

See

FEVER

Fever that follows up a recent sinus infection or cold is a clue that your child has an ear infection. However, some ear infections occur without fever.

DRAINAGE FLOW FROM THE EAR

Ear drainage is thick yellowish or bloody. It is a sign that the eardrum could be having a rupture (burst). A hole in the eardrum usually heals after treatment of the infection and sometimes without medication in a few weeks if it is not severe. It is not common in children, but if you notice it, the child must be having an infection.

FLUID BUILD UP

Build up of fluid near the eardrum is a familiar sign of an ear infection. You may not see the fluid behind an eardrum buy this symptom could be an indicator of its existence and a need for examination by an otolaryngologist.

TROUBLE IN HEARING

Your child could be having hearing problems if you notice episodes of inattention or absent-mindedness. Fluid buildup in the middle ear blocks the sounds.

OTHER SIGNS OF EAR INFECTION

  • The child complains of ringing, popping, pressure or feeling of fullness in the ear. The combination of these effects makes it confusing for children to describe what they are feeling. You may notice your child rubbing the ears many times to relieve pressure.
  • Troubled sleeping- Ear infection becomes more painful when lying down
  • Reduced appetite- ear infections make it difficult for a child to chew food or swallow
  • Unpleasant smell from the infected ear
  • Balancing difficulties- The ears help with body equilibrium, and infection makes a child unsteady.
  • Vomiting and diarrhea- these symptoms occur if the bug causing the ear infection spreads to the gastrointestinal tract.

An ear infection requires the attention of a doctor, and it will clear in a few days after medication. If the infection does not disappear soon, you can ask for a change of medication. Any ear fluid might stay in the ear for sometime after healing and slowly fades in 3-6 weeks.

THINGS TO CONSIDER BEFORE YOU EVEN GET PREGNANT

The thought of getting pregnant and having a baby sound exciting but it requires planning. It is essential to consider some important things before getting pregnant.

Below are essential things that a woman and her partner should sincerely think about and even discuss with her partner before they both go ahead and have a baby.

AGE

Age is one of the main factors to consider before getting conceiving. Women reproductive health experts suggest that the best time to get pregnant is before 35. Ageing increases chances of getting a baby with genetic disorders such as Down syndrome.

If you plan to have multiple children, it is essential that you space every pregnancy for at least 18 months. The spacing gives you some time to bond with the child, breastfeed enough, get back to your average weight before pregnancy and ensure that there are no new medical conditions after birth. Nowadays more women are getting their first child at an advanced age in the late 30s and even 40s. You can sustain a healthy pregnancy at this age if your health is excellent but earlier is safer.

HEALTH CONDITION

Before getting pregnant, it is essential to go for check up for examination about the existence of health issues or underlying disorders. These include depression, asthma, blood pressure or diabetes.

If a diagnosis has revealed that you got one of such conditions, it is essential that you discuss it with a doctor on how to put it under control before pregnancy. If you need any supplements, it is essential to consider them and get prescriptions. A gynecologist is probably going to recommend multivitamin or prenatal vitamin tablets that are rich in folic acid. Folic acid prevents risks of congenital disabilities in the baby’s spine or brain. A doctor could give advice that you take supplements before getting pregnant. Study results show that folic acid (at least 400 micrograms) is necessary for a woman even before getting pregnant.

BODY MASS INDEX (BMI)

When you first think about getting pregnant, the first thing you should do is to check the BMI. It is essential to maintain BMI of less than 30 to carry a healthy baby. Obesity may lead to pregnancy complications like gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, and preeclampsia. You should commit to eating right, exercising and losing the extra pounds before pregnancy. The time before pregnancy is your moment to quit other harmful habits such as smoking, drinking alcohol or taking narcotics.

IDENTIFY AND ELIMINATE STRESS CAUSES

Try your best to give up all stressors if you want to deliver a healthy child. Long-term stress can affect the unborn baby and its development. Find permanent remedies to stressing problems and do the best to stay stress-free. After all carrying a pregnancy is hectic enough. Doing the things you love especially those that you have been unable to achieve is one of the best ways to bust stress. You can go for a vacation to your favorite destination; spend more time with your mom, friends or take a long break from your job.

GET UP-TO-DATE ON VACCINATIONS AND TESTS

Determine the essential treatments and ensure that you are current on your list of vaccines. Ensure that you get chickenpox, measles, and pertussis and diphtheria vaccines. Take a blood test to confirm the same. It is also essential to be precautionary by screening for genetic conditions such as cystic fibrosis and other pre-pregnancy tests.

HAVE ENOUGH CONSISTENT FINANCES

Getting pregnant comes with more financial responsibility as you have to take more care of your health and baby items. It is essential to ensure that you have regular reliable and enough income with some backup funds in savings account after putting everything else in order. You do not want lack of finance to become a cause of stress as it will take up most of your energy and sidetrack your thoughts from taking care of the pregnancy.

It may not be possible to plan everything about pregnancy, but you can create a proper environment for it by ensuring you have the above factors in order.

BEST WAYS TO PREPARE PATIENTS FOR INJECTION

BEST WAYS TO PREPARE PATIENTS FOR INJECTION

Best Ways to Prepare Patients for Injection
Injection terrifies many patients because they are painful. It is difficult to overcome fear for injections, but it is typical for healthcare professionals to encounter patients who fear getting shots. During such times, it is essential that a nurse or doctor calm down patients before giving shots to prevent trauma. If you have not come across injection fearing patients or have never known how to calm them down, try these strategies.

STRIKE A GOOD CONVERSATION
Starting a meaningful conversation that engages a patient is an excellent way to distract patients who fear shots. Explore the interests of a patient when y preparing to give a patient some injection. When you hook up the patient’s attention to your message, the attention shifts to the topic and not fear of the needle. You can ask them about a trending topic, their health history, hobbies or something that engages them. Some of the patients think that nurses do not engage their clients in a conversation. When they become excited about having a discussion you will give the injection without their noticing until the needle penetrates their skin and you are almost done.

SHARE A FUNNY JOKE
If you notice that a patient is becoming nervous, uncomfortable and sweaty, a joke can help in overcoming the nervousness by telling a funny joke. Humor is an excellent way of distracting a scared patient because it ends in laughter. Laughing helps in relieving and relaxing the patients. Telling good jokes also helps to establish a good rapport with the patients. Sharing a joke allows the injection ordeal to pass almost without the patient noticing it. The patient also forgets the pain after the injection.

HELP THE PATIENT TO RELAX
Before injecting, it helps to instruct a patient to relax as a needle goes in more easily. Tense muscles increase the pain of injections. A good way of helping patients to relax is by asking them to take a deep breath then exhale as if you are blowing a candle out. The right time to give an injection is when the patient is exhaling. Tense muscles relax during exhalation thus a patient will feel lesser pain from the injection.

ASK KIDS TO REPEAT YOUR STATEMENT
The act of repeating something is an effective strategy in helping kids to forget the pain of injections. You can think of a simple and exciting statement that kids can recite with ease. Statements help in tackling the imagination so that the attention is on words but not the injection. For example, you can tell them to repeat “a nurse is the best person.” Most kids will have a follow-up question such as what makes a nurse the best person, and as they listen to your explanation, they will barely notice the needle until it is in.

PROVIDE ACCURATE INFORMATION
It is wrong to provide unrealistic assurances to the patients when you give shots. Do not lie that a shot will not hurt. The right action is to assure them that it does not hurt that much. You can, for instance, tell them that the needle you are using is small and that you will inject quickly to minimize the pain. You can also inform the person those other patients who feared the needle found out that it does not hurt like they were expecting but do not give false reassurance.

USE APPLIED TENSION TECHNIQUE
Applied tension works well for patients with who faint when receiving an injection due to needle phobia. It is a technique to increase the low blood pressure level for it to return to its normal range and prevent fainting. Teach the patient to do it by tensing muscles in the arms, upper body and legs for 10-15 seconds. Do it repeatedly until the blood pressure returns to a normal rate.

Nurses and doctors can also learn more ingenious techniques to calm patients before injections from their experienced colleagues.