IT in small business

In a small business, information technology plays differing roles. Each role may require a complete set of technology. However, in most cases almost all roles can be handled by a single integrated informational technology. Some of the major functions played by information technology are described below

Small business is able to use the information technologies to advertise their products through the internet. The internet has a wider reach of potential and existing customers than the traditional brick and mortar enterprises. Small business can easily growth and expand their business using the internet to advertise and offer their products at a lower costs through the internet (Nguyen, Newby and Macaulay). The intent also offers the small business an opportunity to reach out to the entire globe and make a larger number of people aware of their products in the most effective and convenient way.

The e-commerce platform has become a major area where small business can compete with the already established large business. Information technology is at the core of the e-commerce. Small business can use the various information technologies effectively utilize the e-commerce platform. Some of the commonly used technologies that a small business can use. Include integrated websites and other business software that handle different aspects of the e-commerce platforms (Schubert and Leimstoll). These technologies are integrated in a way that makes it easier for the business to interact with their customers promptly and manage the inventories, finances and the human resource need of the small business with great ease.

One of the major function of the information technology is in the line of communication. There are various communicational platforms for a small business to use. This application includes emails, cellular phones as well as the web cameras. Emails make it easier for the small business to share information with its stakeholder in an easier and faster way. The small business can also receive and send important information and documents over the emails. The cellular phones are a major invention that allows small businesses to reach and reachable at any time of the day from any location on the globe (Passerini, El Tarabishy and Patten). The cellular phones have integrated features such as emails, internet. Messaging and voice capabilities that give the small business owner and the employees ability to conduct business transactions from any location with great ease.

The information technology is an integral element of successful small businesses as it allows such enterprises to access, store Retrieve and share information with great ease, higher reliability and conveniently. Information technology allows the small business to interact with a larger. Customer base and its employees faster and in a cheaper way. Small businesses are able to advertise their products and manage their transaction better when they rely on information technology.

The small businesses must consider several important aspects when making a choice of the information technology to use. Some of the factors to consider include the size of the business, which depends on the transactional volumes, the number of employees, as well as the complexity of the volumes. The intended use of the information technology of the small business is also important. Additionally, the availability of resources in the locale of the small business is an important element to consider.


Medical jobs

Medical jobs – A combat medic primary responsibility is to provide emergency medical. Treatment limited to primary care and health protection and evacuation from the point of injury or illness.

There are various army medical specialists in this field who used to be known as Mobile. Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) as they are now referred to as Combat Support. Hospital that pulls from a majority of the Mobile Army Surgical Hospitals to accomplish their mission.

Below are some of the medical jobs enlisted in the US army.

68A – Known as the Biomedical Equipment Specialist: These medics are responsible for servicing and maintaining all medical equipment in the base.

68D – Is an Operating Room Specialist who assist nursing staff in preparing patients and operating rooms before, during and after surgical procedures.

68E – Dental Specialists: Assist Army dentists in the examination and treatment of patients and help manage dental offices.

68M – Known as a Nutrition Care Specialist who is primarily responsible for assisting in the supervision of medical nutrition care operations.

68P – Radiology Specialist: Are technologists who operate X-ray and related equipment used in diagnosing and treating injuries and diseases.

68Q – Pharmacy Specialist: Under the direction of a pharmacist. This medical physician prepares and dispenses prescribed medicines, and maintains pharmacy supplies and records.

68S – Are Preventive Medicine Specialists that conduct preventive medicine inspections, surveys and control operations and assists with preventive medicine laboratory procedures.

68T – Animal Care Specialist whose primary mission is to take care of government-owned animals. Such as patrol dogs, ceremonial horses. Sled dogs sea mammals and animals used in research, but these soldiers also provide basic veterinary services to military members with pets.

68V – Are Respiratory Specialist who assists with the management of a respiratory unit. Or administers respiratory therapy and performs pulmonary function tests under the supervision of a physician or nurse anesthetist.

68X – Behavioral Health Specialists provide mental health treatment to patients under the direct supervision of an Army psychiatrist, social worker, psychiatric nurse or psychologist. They are part of the team that screens and interviews potential patients.

Which are more?

There are many medical jobs in the military than the standard and more common combat medic. Care and protection from the point of injury or illness. These are just a few of the options available to those who want to go into a medical job in the Army, but may not be leaning toward an active combat medic role.

Army Medics help to provide emergency n treatment and evacuation for injured soldiers in combat and training situations. They also help to prepare patients, rooms and equipment for. Surgery and other medical procedures, while collecting samples to send to medical labs.

What are the requirements in becoming an Army medic in an entry-level position?

An Army medic is an entry-level position. For you to become one, he or she must first enlist in the military and must meet the standards on the. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, or ASVAB, exam. It is a multiple-choice test to measure basic aptitude covering ten areas which include general science. Mathematics knowledge, and paragraph comprehension.

For one to become a medic, soldiers must score at least a 101 on the skilled technical section of the AFQT. Which includes ASVAB sections word knowledge. Paragraph comprehension, general science, mechanical comprehension and mathematics knowledge of the ASVAB. In addition, they must score at least 107 in the general technical section. Which includes word knowledge, paragraph comprehension, and arithmetic reasoning of the ASVAB.

About medical soldiers

Medical soldiers must complete the ten-week basic combat training program that is required of all soldiers who enlist in the army. They then receive 16 weeks of advanced individual training to become a medic. Other basic medical training specific to treating injuries and illnesses.

Entry level army medics at the rank if private at a pay grade of E1 earn approximately $17,892. Annually whereas those in the army reserve work and attend training drills. One weekend each month where they receive drill pay starting at a rate of $3,081. The more time the medic serves, the higher the increment chances of their basic pay.

What are Tautology and Redundancy?



Certifications – Previous research studies like in the 2018 Nursing Salary Research Report, found, like most researchers have, that men make more money than women. Understandably, many individuals feel they know why that is the case. So by OnCourse Learning conducted a salary survey to help sort through the weeds to get a clearer picture.

It was a recent discovery statistically that the report, which was carried, was actually true to their saying. The report suggests men worked a little more than one extra hour on average per week and were less educated with less certifications , fewer were certified and they had a shorter tenure in nursing yet made significantly more ($79,688) than women ($73,090). Men were more likely to negotiate salary, but it had no statistical significance either on salary.


Many researchers have pointed out how even taking into account the total hours worked, years of nursing experience such as age, education level, and certification status, it is still obvious that men are still making more money than women. Executive Vice president and chief clinical executive in a statement about how salary is the most important factor for nurses across all demographics shared the same sentiments above. It is a growing trend that is not only seen in the nursing sector but also in the healthcare industry. There is usually a double-digit percentage difference between women and the men.


Medscape and HIMSS also conducted research and submitted reports where it revealed the number of male primary physicians that earned nearly eighteen percent more than their female counterparts. The same report also showed the percentage of what men in specialties earned compared to the women this year. An average of $358,000 versus $263,000 for women was evidence that a gap of more than $100,000 is visible.

Certification is an imperative way of assisting one in closing the salary gap for women in the nursing field. This has implications for both men and women. Men, who might make more, why should they care? Salary should be equal regardless of gender identity, different only for education attainable in nursing and certification.


The salary report did demonstrate men are more likely to consider changing positions than women. Research shows anyone who sticks with the same employer for more than two years costs the. Employee 50% or higher in their lifetime wages. According to the report from, men were more likely to negotiate salary than women. That doesn’t mean it doesn’t have an individual effect.

Additionally, many women have said they do not know the salary range for the jobs for which they have applied and are interviewing. Quite often most of them are afraid to ask or feel that they do not want to give the new employer the feeling that money is the most important factor. Money is a motivation, and it is okay to ask for a rise. Brent MacWilliams wanted more corporations to assess their workforce and raise some of the staffs’ salaries creating equality.



TELEPHONIC CONSULTATION IN PRIMARY CARE – The number of general practitioners in each country globally has significantly reduced due to the rising number of the elderly population who have complex needs thus leading to the decrease in the number of full-time practitioners.

Many health policymakers are suggesting ways to try and improve ways in the reduction of face to face consultations that could as well improve patient access and alleviate staff workload and promote the uptake of other alternative approaches such as telephone consultation.


Telephone or electronic consulting makes it easier for general practitioners to speak to every patient on the telephone and making decisions to how the. Problem can be treated whereas a face-to-face treatment requires a physical nurse and a doctor to be available. Many of the companies are advocating for these systems to take effect since there is a large reduction in the. Workload of a practitioner hence reducing the walk-ins at the hospital and the emergency departments plus admissions.

Results done from previous research show that general practice can be managed by having telephone conversations and a lower amount of people require face-to-face interactions. There is, however, an increase in the overall workload for the doctors.


Telephonic conversations among many varied as practitioners noticed a large reduction in the workload while others got huge increments. Many researchers noted better organizational practices, however, some never fully implemented the approach hence showing little outcomes or associations.

Alot of mixed views regarding the effectiveness of telephonic consultations as some of the patients loved the quicker. Advice they got as they never had to walk in a hospital physically which was more. Frustrating to them since they had to deal with long queues at the hospital. Other patients disliked the system as it took long hours to get a response or finally get to speak with a doctor. They say non-verbal communication is also an effective means of communicate as many patients who do not. Use English as their first language had difficulties in communication hence termed the process not viable.


Some of the difficulties experienced led to health policymakers to come up with telephone consultation. Skills training that made it easier for doctors and general practitioners to effectively communicate with their patients and mitigate these issues. Some of the mistakes practitioners did be to downplay some of the symptoms. Patients talked about on the phones making the issuance of wrong prescriptions thus leading to potentially life-threatening mistakes.

Patients who were not native speakers needed professional interpreters or a face-to-face meeting scheduled before any medication was given out. Many clinical staff members became confident having telephone consultations after they. Given a model to follow with relevant training arranged by Royal College of General Practitioners. Some of the lessons learned were that needed proper. Clinical governance structure so that they can review telephone consultations by keeping voice recordings for training and quality purposes.

The audit was required in ensuring that patients are receiving the best service and advice on the telephone as per the Royal College of General Practitioners. Other lessons learned is that many patients like using telephones since it was an easier way to seek advice.


Telephonic consultation in primary care consultations provide safe means that is quick and effective for a patient’s healthcare. One can, however, easily make mistakes when giving out advice to patients since there are no. Visual cues thereby requiring most of the healthcare. Professionals to follow the guidelines given out for a proper telephone consultation. Telephone consultations are a convenient way of providing advice to patients since it limits the geographical issues many patients face in seeking better opinions and services.