NURSES ROLE IN HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION

NURSES ROLE IN HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION

Nurses who desire to succeed in health promotion take an active role in educating families and communities to improve their health status. Ordinarily, health promotion activities involve the assessment of individuals, or families and whole communities to plan, implement and evaluate intervention programs.

The best form of health promotion goes beyond education on healthy living to include disease prevention. Nurses use a robust advocacy approach to promoting health by identifying health risk factors in every person’s life. These are the factors that prevent underserved groups of the population from engaging in the health promoting activities. Some of the risk factors are:

  • Poverty
  • Unemployment
  • Homelessness
  • Illiteracy
  • Socio-political factors

Nurses Role in Health Promotion

Health promotion thrives when people access professional advice from someone who enables them to have more control of their health and improve their wellness. Nurses facilitate the process by providing appropriate information. Many patients get help promotion from nurses as they are the health personnel that they interact with frequently. Nurses are also easy to reach. They trust nurses because they are well educated, experienced and accessible in many settings.

For example, some people rely on telehealth service to call in with questions, concerns or discuss a health issue. Nurses use their experience to offer advice on their phone. For acute cases that require immediate attention, nurses providing telehealth help direct callers to local resources or facilities that can solve their health issues.

When nurses work in the traditional health promotion model, they interact with all sorts of individuals.

Those who want to promote health can do it at every interaction. For instance, a nurse who is changing the dressing on a wound can use the opportunity to inform the patient about the importance of taking a blood sugar test or determine the last tetanus booster from the chart. A home visit to a new mother is a chance to pass information about childhood vaccines, best vitamin supplements and healthy feeding methods for older siblings. Nurses consistently provide health promotion strategies hence are significant promoters.

Nurses Role in Disease Prevention

Nurses complete an extensive clinical education for them to earn a certification preparing them well for patient-centered approach, the hallmark of preventive care. Direct link with patients in daily chores gives nurses a unique chance to identify and solve health problems.

They also educate patients on the best of preventing the ailment that made them seek medical help.

Nowadays nurses do not only treat diseases. They teach their patients on maintain their health. The significant rise of health care is the reason for the sudden popularity of preventive care and health promotion.

Preventive care includes simple tasks such as regular medical checkups, screening, immunizations, regular exercising and maintaining of healthy weight.

Nurses only need to give their patients the necessary advice on the above method of health promotion and patients who adhere to the instructions will stay free of disease.

It is essential for nurses to know about these levels of preventative care in their specialty fields, available opportunities and ways of meeting demands.

Primary prevention: developing strategies for preventing disease risk factors and the unhealthy behaviors.

Second level: Identifying people at risk of contracting various diseases such as diabetes by conducting tests and routine checkups to prevent onset of this disease by controlling risk factors .

Third level: Management of illness to prevent deteriorating of health status.

The first level is educational, but other two require clinical intervention..

Nurses have an essential role in health promotion and disease prevention since they meet people with a different background. They can gather information that helps them to know the best health promotion method for each rather than using one approach for everyone.

HEALTH PROMOTION IN NURSING PRACTICE

HEALTH PROMOTION IN NURSING PRACTICE

Providing Health Education

Nurses play an active role in providing health related information to their patients, clients, and relatives. Recently, there in an increase in demand for health promotion information from nurses. Some hospitals have been introducing health promotion sessions involving nurses and the other health practitioners. Health promotion by nurses in a hospital setting has a more expansive role and is instrumental in affecting reform and organizational changes by influencing policy.

Health promotion intends to empower individuals whether they are patients of colleagues for them to know the right ways of improving lifestyle and make it better. It is however essential for nurses to underhand the real meaning and right approach to health promotion. Some confuse it for health education intervention. Intervention takes place when a person has a disease that requires treatments and management through lifestyle changes. Health promotion is different since it requires promoting healthy living to prevent the occurrence of disease.

Influencing behavioral change

When nurses are serving patients, they act as informers on the best practices for empowering their changes to change their lifestyle to improve their wellness and influence behavior change. The role of nurses as educators is a central feature in health promotion. Nurses are the most accessible source of information on the disease from diagnosis, prognosis to treatment. More significantly, the effort by nurses in health promotion helps in keeping many diseases at bay as they inform their client about the things they should do to be in a better healthier shape such as exercising and eating healthy food. They also advise their charges about the aspects of life that need to change as they are likely to compromise on their health. For instance, nurses encourage their clients to stop smoking or taking oily dishes.

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At the end of a discussion, the patient is empowered with helpful information that assists them to decide on how to live healthier. Nurses are better in influencing behavioral outcomes as they give their advice after assessing the particular needs and problems by a patient.A patient is a more likely to comply after getting custom interventions than act on information for everyone. The measure of success is noticed by determining the degree of compliance and adoption of self-management techniques.

Responsibilities of Health Promotion in Nursing Practice

Nurses who engage in health promotion take on these responsibilities or at least a few of them.

Evaluate health trends and risk factors of the groups and help in determining priorities for the seek interventions
Work with communities or specific groups within a population to develop public policies for guiding targeted health promotion prevention of diseases
Assess and evaluate health care services dealing with health promotion to make sure that people are aware of their availability and assist them in utilizing those that are most suitable for their lifestyle
Provide their input to interdisciplinary programs for monitoring, anticipating and responding to public health problems in their population groups
Offer health education, primary attention and continuing care management to people and families that have are vulnerable or at a higher risk of contracting certain ailments.
Nursing practice has a critical role in health promotion in hospital settings and within the community. Community nurses are crucial in health promotion for the elderly who suffers from chronic diseases. Their kind of health promotion helps on managing their conditions to reduce their suffering and increase the quality of life. It is essential to ensure that patients get much information as possible regarding their medical condition or ways of changing their lifestyle to prevent diseases.

Nurses have an edge over of other healthcare professionals since their service involves taking care of their patients and not just treating.

NURSES ROLE IN HEALTH PROMOTION-SMOKING

NURSES ROLE IN HEALTH PROMOTION-SMOKING

Serious wheezing, coughs, colds and asthmas are some of the health issues that affect smokers.

Nurses Role In Health Promotion Smoking cessation

Governments and health organization spend much time and resources encouraging smokers to stop the habit as it is dangerous to theirs health and that of people around them. Due to more interaction with the patients, nurses are a crucial group in identifying smokers and helping them to quit the habit by taking these steps.

Encourage smokers

Nurses should advise smoking patients to quit. Their message should be clear, strong but persuasive. It is essential to inform the patients about the health risks associated with smoking including any existing related ailments and those that are likely to occur. A nurse should use the medical records for each patient to personalize the message and provide it often. The effort can be an initiative of a nurse or in collaboration with another member of healthcare staff. A nurse should assess the level of interest by a patient to stop smoking. Any information to other medical staff should be based on the answer by a patient on the level of readiness to quit. A nurse may also refer patients to other resources in community and health care system to enhance their interest in quitting.

Develop a quit program

Nurses nowadays go for further education and serve in senior roles. It is essential for nurses to develop a program fitting with organizational commitment to help overcome smoking. It might include finding a tobacco cessation coordinator to provide better training and training to further help in health promotion on how to make this deserved lifestyle change. Addiction cessation staff play as an essential part of supporting nurses as they might know everything about quitting smoking. A good program should be empathetic, supportive and non-judgmental.

Nurses Provide right resources to the patients

An informed intervention might call a nurse to provide products that act as the alternative to smoke such as nicotine gum. Nicotine patches or lozenges also help to reduce withdrawal symptoms by replacing part of the nicotine available in tobacco or cigarettes thus increasing the chances to stop smoking.

It is also necessary to prescribe some cessation relief medication if necessary to counter withdrawal symptoms. Nurses know how to encourage their patients through the quitting program by using lines of communication that empower patients to quit.

Provide help to deal with cravings

Addictive nature of nicotine is the reason that many patients relapse. It is just one chemical out of the thousands in a cigarette. When someone stops smoking, it will cause various withdrawal symptoms that could lead to relapse. These symptoms include:

  • Headaches
  • Concentration difficulties
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Drowsiness
  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Hunger

A nurse should inform the patient beforehand about the withdrawal challenges and help to overcome them. It is necessary to inform and encourage quitting smokers to delay the urge lighting up a cigarette. The urge disappears after some minutes marking the first step to overcome the habit.

Encourage the passion to do something that shifts their attention to something else and take water when the urge to smoke sets in.

After helping a patient to overcome smoking, a follow-up plan that includes home visits and conversations by phone or other means is necessary to prevent relapse. Nurses are better placed to follow up progress by patients and prevent relapse.

ROLE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSE IN HEALTH EDUCATION

ROLE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSE IN HEALTH EDUCATION

These nurses play a crucial role in community health education which is the process of promoting health and disease prevention within the community. Apart from providing affordable treatment, community health nurses participate actively in educating the community where they serve on health issues that enable them to live in healthier way and environment to prevent diseases.

The training for community nursing also helps the nurses to run health education programs. They learn how to implement education and preventative measures for the wellbeing of urban and rural communities.These nurses succeed because they circulate through communities interacting directly with the members and provide health education by employing these strategies:

Community Health Nurse Home Visits

Community health nurses visit homes to provide care and health education to the ill on disease management and palliative care. They use this opportunity to learn the lifestyle of their patients and educate them on better living to improve their health. The advice and treatment help in keeping patients from hospital admissions thus reducing overcrowding as well as medical bills.

Community Health Nurse Health Education Programs

One responsibility of community health nurses is to organize educational programs that promote an active lifestyle with members of the community. They host training sessions with enjoyable, safe and efficient activities. Participants in health education programs benefit from learning to improve their health, control their weight, decrease stress levels and reducing the risk of chronic illnesses. These programs often address lifestyle modifications such as exercising, diet, managing medications planning on the best ways to deal with chronic diseases.

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Health Education to Vulnerable Groups

By working with a particular population, community health nurses know the underprivileged members of the society and provide personalized health education. They promote wellness among the old living with terminal illnesses, physically challenged, children with acute illnesses and evictions of domestic violence. The health education for groups focuses on educating them to overcome stress or inferiority complex due to their condition, informing them of possible solutions and referring them to best specialists for their conditions. Nurses also promote healthier living by teaching the underprivileged on choosing healthier low-cost foods, general wellness, disease prevention and fitness techniques.

Community Health Nurse Education to Mothers

The nearest healthcare professionals to expectant and new mothers who require much assistance are community health nurses. They provide health education on nutrition, infant development, and self-care to pregnant women. They also run child birth classes, postnatal care and organize referrals for pregnant care.

Community health nurses also educate new mothers on issues relating to their health and that of their newborn infants. They educate the parents on immunization, breastfeeding, assessing growth, typical child behaviors and identifying symptoms.

Community Health Nurse Preventive Health Education

Many community health nurses take the initiative to organize health education programs designed to prevent a broad range of health issues. It involves educating their communities about risk factors at the local facilities, such as community clinics, meeting halls, and schools.

Prevention methods also include distributing information booklets on certain health issues or spreading the word through other media on the common practice to stop progress. For example, community health nurses may educate the population on the importance of getting vaccinations for protection against contagious infections.

During outbreaks of infectious diseases, they organize with local authorities about the methods and items necessary for preventing further spread and educating the public on how to practice the preventive measures.

Community health nurses are instrumental in health education as they spend most of their time working with the local population. Their interaction enables them to identify the cause of common health problems and the people at higher risk to provide targeted health education that provides practical solutions.

FAMILY NURSE PRACTITIONER

FAMILY NURSE PRACTITIONER

To acquire a degree and get certification to be a family nurse practitioner, a student must pass an examination in family health. FNPs can earn additional specialty certification by further specializing in areas such neurology, gerontology, pediatrics or cardiology. After certification, one can work independently or under supervision by a physician. The work setting is diverse from private practice, physician office, hospital, local community clinics, and health departments to ambulatory care facilities.

Family care service at times works in close collaboration with specialists in non-familiar areas of health. Just like the other primary care physicians, an FNP can provide comprehensive continuing care in these roles.

Family Nurse Practitioner Health Promotion

Health promotion is the primary goal for advanced practice nurses including FNPs. Their activities include screening for diseases, prevention, and risk reduction to keep illnesses keep ailments such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes or cancer at bay.

For children, pediatric FNPs engage in child specific health promotion activities such as nutrition guidelines, immunizations, and anticipatory guidance.

Family nurse practitioners also participate in women health promotion activities. Activities include contraception counseling, pelvic exams, and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.

The reason why FNPs give much attention to health promotion is out of research findings that show it is possible to reduce morbidity, mortality and clinical expenses by embracing a healthier lifestyle to prevent disease. Health promotion is a philosophy by NFPs to influence their clients to form a character of participating in wellness plans to improve quality of life and increase the better functioning of body organs.

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Family Nurse Practitioner Health Education

Family nurse practitioners are keen on helping their patients to avoid the threats to their daily well-being and long term health. Their advanced training enables them to know more about the risk factors that increase vulnerability to lifestyle diseases, childhood infections, and other infections.

Most FNPs work with families for a long time and learn the areas of their life that increase the risk of their health and design health education that suits their life. They also offer health education to prevent threats to families as well as communities such and drug addiction, psychiatry problems and communicable infections.

In addition to the health measures, NFPs extend the scope of health education to their clients to include safety. They teach them on issues such proper infant sleep positioning, exercises, health checkups, using seat belts and child car seats when driving.

Family Nurse Practitioner Disease Management

Family nurse practitioners can diagnose illnesses, prescribe medication and therapy. It is an approach for diseases that heal quickly. However, some members of the family in their care have long term illnesses. Such condition needs close monitoring and management. NFPs can treat and manage diseases as their training gives them the knowledge to:

Manage chronic conditions like hypertension
Provide periodic care to patients of all ages with acute illnesses
Treat the minor acute injuries
Provide care and oversee wellness to mothers and children
For optimal service, family nurse practitioners usually manage the conditions of their clients jointly with other specialists when they deal with cases of long-term medical conditions.Their work includes diagnosing other possible illnesses, conducting examinations, ordering diagnostic tests and interpreting the results. In many cases, they will prescribe medication and provide counseling to motivate the patient.

FNPs graduate program training prepares them for above roles as their course emphasizes on providing primary care to multicultural and the underserved population. FNP training inputs specialist knowledge to students for them to be skillful in providing primary family-oriented care.Because of their ability, FNP service suits patients of all ages, genders and life stages.