NUR 100 Get To Know a Nurse Paper

NUR 100 Get To Know a Nurse Paper

Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale was born in an affluent family but dedicated herself to serving humanity. She focused on developing nursing as an educative and significant element of healthcare. She was the second child in her family and her parents were Frances and William Nightingale. She was born in 1820 in Florence, Italy.  Florence received classical education, including Italian, French, and German studies (Shetty, 2016). Nightingale exhibited a strong religious conviction and excelled in school especially in multiple languages and mathematics.  She was concerned about the disadvantaged people in society. Florence Nightingale believed that  she had a calling to enhance the well-being of people  as evidenced in one of her writings titled” The highest honor is to be God’s servant and fellow worker (Shetty, 2016).”  However, her family’s intention was to marry her into a prominent family, but Nightingale’s desire was to help the sick. Therefore, she rejected proposals from suitors.

At the age of 16, Nightingale made it clear to her parents that Nursing was her profession and God’s calling.  Nightingale in 1844 enrolled at the Lutheran Hospital in Kaiserswerth Germany as a nursing student despite her parent’s objections (Shetty, 2018). In 1851, she graduated from the Hospital and in 1853, enrolled with the Sisters of Mercy in Paris for additional training.  She later returned to London and was hired as a hospital’s manager and superintendent (Alexander, 2019). The facility served poor women and the position helped her develop effective skills, such as providing competent care which she considered a basic human right. During the 1854 Crimean War, Nightingale and a group of nurses helped take care of the wounded soldiers. Nightingale and her team revolutionized the healthcare environment by improving hospital conditions.

Nightingale made several publications to inform healthcare workers about healthier medical practices. In 1859, she published “Notes on Nursing: What it is, and what it is Not.” The book offers advice on safe clinical environments and effective patient care (Alexander, 2019).  Her efforts resulted in the setting up of a fund in England to enable Nightingale teach nurses in the country.  The 1860 saw the opening of Nightingale Training School. Despite being bedridden in her later years because of illness, she continued championing safe nursing practice.

Florence Nightingale’s Contribution to the Nursing Profession

Nightingale pioneered the foundation of nursing practices. She defined nursing practices and differentiated it from other medical fields. According to Nightingale, understanding the disease process was not a nurses’ role. Instead, nurses’ should concentrate on knowing how to take care of their patients, help them address their symptoms, and cope with the functional changes caused by their illness (UT Health, 2018). During the 1853 Crimean War, Nightingale introduced nursing concepts that formed the foundation of contemporary nursing practice. The concepts included self-care, infection control, assessment, therapeutic communication, public health advocacy, and spiritual nursing (UT Health, 2018). Nightingale required nurses to maintain a clean hospital environment and assist patients in taking care of themselves to enhance healing and promote independence. Nurses are also expected to make rounds at night assessing their patient’s condition. She considered nursing assessments the core of the profession.  Nurses must effectively communicate with their patients, show them compassion and empathy as they battle with their illness. They must incorporate the spiritual aspect in their treatment, especially for the dying patients to bring them comfort. Nurses must also advocate for significant reforms in their professions. These components continue to influence today’s nursing profession.

 Florence Nightingale’s Philosophy of Nursing

Nightingale philosophy of nursing focuses on the environment of the patient. She argued that the patient’s environment must be modified to facilitate speedy recovery. According to Nightingale, the patient’s problems were not as a result of their ailment rather their environment. The patient’s environment can be altered based on their health and care needs. Therefore, nurses must assess the needs of their patients to ensure that their environment reflects those needs.  However, her philosophy also incorporates the nursing and health component. According to Nightingale, nursing is the alteration of the patients’ environment during the illness period to offer them comfort (Sher & Akhtar, 2018).  Nurses must manage the environment of those they care to help them heal and maintain their health.

Health is an important and dynamic process of Nightingale’s philosophy. Nightingale argues that health is characterized by six elements that promote an individual well-being. They include proper light, cleanliness, organized drainage, pure water, and fresh air (Sher & Akhtar, 2018). In summary, Nightingale’s philosophy of nursing was influenced by her experiences while taking care of the injured and sick soldiers. During her care process, she realized a strong connection between the nurse, health, and the patient’s environment. Therefore, nurses must note all environmental factors that undermine the patient’s healing process and modify them. For instance, if inadequate lighting is causing increased falls, the nurse must enhance the lighting of corridors and strategic areas to minimize patients falls, improve their recovery and satisfaction levels.

 References

  1. Alexander, K.L.(2019). Florence Nightingale. National Women’s History Museum, Retrieved from https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/florence-nightingale
  2. Sher, A.N.A., and Akhtar, A. (2018). Clinical application of Nightingale’s theory. Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics, 9(4), 1-3. Doi: 10.4172/2155-9627.100032
  3. Shetty, A.P. (2016). Florence Nightingale: The queen of nurses. Medical History, 4(1), 144-148.
  4. UT Health. (2018, February 28). The lady of the lamp and her contributions to modern nursing.  San Antonio the Libraries, Retrieved from https://library.uthscsa.edu/2015/02/the-lady-with-the-lamp-and-her-contributions-to-modern-nursing/

 

 

This paper will help you understand the contributions of a historical figure in the nursing  profession. Your paper should be double spaced, APA format and 1-3 pages in length. Make sure  you address each of the criteria as listed in the rubric.

Grading Rubric

Criteria Ratings Points
Identify your  historical

nursing figure  and include

important

background

information

Historical  

nursing  

figure is  

identified.  

Important  

events in life  story are  

presented. 

6 pts

Historical  

nursing  

figure is  

identified.  

Minimal  

information  about life  

story is  

presented. 

5 pts

Historical  

nursing  

figure is  

identified. No  life story  

information  is presented. 

4 pts

No historical  figure is  

identified. No  life story  

information  presented. 

0 pts

Describe the

contributions  to the nursing  profession of  your chosen

historical

figure.

Descriptive  information  about the  

historical  

figure’s  

contribution  to nursing is  included. 

6 pts

Overview of  the historical  figure’s  

contribution  to nursing is  included. 

5 pts

Minimal  

information  about the  

historical  

figure’s  

contribution  is included. 

4 pts

No  

information  about the  

historical  

figure’s  

contribution  to nursing is  included. 

0 pts

Discuss the

historical

figure’s

philosophy of  nursing.

Discussion of  the historical  figure’s  

philosophy is  presented. 

6 pts

Brief review  of the  

historical  

figure’s  

philosophy is  presented 

5 pts

Minimal  

information  about the  

historical  

figure’s  

philosophy is  presented 

4 pts

No  

information  about the  

historical  

figure’s  

philosophy is  presented. 

0 pts

Paper followed  grammar and  APA

guidelines

Fewer than 3  grammar or  APA errors 

2 pts

4-6 grammar  or APA  

errors 

1 pts

More than 6  grammar or  APA errors 

0 pts

Total points (out of 20):

How Not To Answer Moral Questions

Regan – How Not To Answer Moral Questions

Correct way of answering moral question

Introduction and thesis

Due to the ethical issues, a section of people often dismisses the likelihood of solving the underlying ethical based issues by deploying a reasoned way of arguing. They claim that moral judgments are of great concern when it comes to a personal mode of preference, views, or public-oriented opinion. In case this is the truth, the ethical way of reasoning would be of no value since a human would have fewer chances of expressing their respective opinions.  According to Tom Regan, this indeed is not the scenario or case.

Summary

It is true that moral disagreements similar to the disagreements that are of preference. For sure, this is not the case. In a situation where an individual proceeds with stating a given preference, then indeed, the individual never denies the other individual is saying that in case he or she has a contradicting preference.  Often, preferences are never mutually exclusive. On the other hand, disagreements concerning morality may not be this same perspective. For instance, where D admits that every war is not justifiable, and E contends that all of them are justifiable; in this scenario, D is in denial of what is being said by E.

A section of the philosophers, too, has admitted that this same view is not true, and every moral judgment is just a simple expression of the personal form of difference.  Regan admits this is not a fact since when inquiring about an individual’s moral statement, it is often very desirable in seeking their argument or reasoning. For example, the inquest should seek where it is not desirable, such as personal statement preference.

Evaluation

Based on the moral form of judgments, do not just represent the expression about the personal form of difference, then it abides by the very right. Hence, it is impossible to decide on a wrong based on the personal form of difference. On the same note, it is impossible to answer the moral types of questions by just admitting about liking or not liking something.

Impact of covid-19 on food security

Impact of covid-19 on food security

Experience Ordering Food from the Food Pantry

Food Pantries enhance an individual’s access to food, especially those whose resources are inadequate to buy food for themselves. These pantries have a stock of various vegetables, fruits, and food to enhance healthy eating. However, I have never used food pantries before because of the feelings of shame and blame that characterize food insecurity. I also never wanted my peers to think that I cannot provide my needs. However, I wanted to experience the difficulties or ease of ordering food from food pantries because of curiosity.  My objective was to get at least two bags of groceries. I also wanted to find out if these foods were fresh and tasted like those I acquired from supermarkets or grocery stores.

My experience was quite unpleasant because of the waiting time to get served. The demand for food staff was high because of the increasing food demand triggered by the COVID-19 crisis. The pandemic resulted in some people losing their jobs because of business shutdowns. As a result, people were scrambling for limited food. Thus, I waited patiently for my turn to be served and got the products I needed.  With the social distancing measures, the number of volunteers in the food pantry had considerably declined, causing a slowdown in service delivery. Food pantries depend on a network of volunteers to distribute food boxes and create these food boxes. But their numbers had considerably declined because people are no longer comfortable in group settings. The groceries were not different from those bought in grocery stores. They were fresh and met my nutritional needs.

What I expected to Feel and What Surprised Me

 I expected to feel out of place because I have never purchased food from a food pantry before. However, my experience was different. For instance, I was surprised by the long queues of vehicles waiting for food. The sight was mind-blowing and eye-opener that still lingers in my mind.  It helped me realize the impact of the pandemic on people’s food security. Maintaining social distancing measures, I had a conversation with a lady who shared her concerns with me.   She was willing to wait as long as she had food for her loved ones. She also asserted that the food pantries are struggling to restock their shelves, but individuals in the community are going out of their way to assist with cash donations and farm produce.  I realized that people are willing to help each other in times of crisis.

What I Learned Throughout the Process

I learned valuable lessons from the whole process. I realized that the future is always unpredictable. I was surprised to see families that would never visit food pantries in a queue waiting for food supply. Because of the current circumstances, they were forced to acquire food from the food pantries. I always thought that challenges like wildfires, earthquakes, or hurricanes would increase food demand from food pantries. These events often affect a specific region in the country, and food banks from other parts support them through various donations. However, the pandemic is something different, because every state was affected, and the population suffered because of unemployment. They depend on the food pantries to meet their nutritional needs because they have exhausted their savings.

Disability and Religion

Disability and Religion

Disability in the eyes of Religion

Christian traditions consider disability as simply a punishment for sin, a test of faith, or a potential miraculous healing power and inspiration. However, according to the Bible, God is proactively on the side of the poor and the oppressed. For example, Jesus lived among people with disabilities like the blind and deaf as well as the mentally ill, and those who were typically considered unwelcome. Jesus served them and humbled himself toward them, which made him greater in the eyes of God. Thus, there is nothing naturally wrong with a person who experiences a disability. Society’s narrow view about disability is attributed to people’s unexamined assumptions that influence their ability to engage with people with disabilities more fully. For example, stereotypical portrayals of individuals using wheelchairs or those with developmental impairments make them ignore the diversity of disability. Whether it is visible or invisible, everybody has a form of a scar or a limp.  Thus, this diversity and uniqueness does not qualify anyone to be less human. Society often forgets that individuals with a disability have other identity characteristics, like gender, ethnicity, and political views. Thus, disabled people should not be viewed as abnormal.

Disability is a normal aspect of human experience, something that all people experience at some point in their lives. Disability theology introduces a significant shift in religious engagement with disability through Eiesland’s theology of disability of the Disabled God. This perspective offers an alternative to conventional images of God and opposes the belief that disability is in any way a result of sin. Referring to the story about Jesus and the resurrection, it is evident that disabled people should not be excluded from worship or leadership. This is because Jesus’ scars did not make him ineligible for continued leadership. By virtue of disabled people’s complicated bodies and experiences with social injustice, Eiesland argues that they are endowed with epistemological privilege that allows them to understand things about themselves, God, and life that non‐disabled people may never experience. Rather than seeing physical impairment as a problem that needs fixing, this perspective shows that exclusion, intolerance, and injustice, as well as people and structures, are the main factors that perpetuate social inequality against disabled people.

Eiesland’s theology of disability demonstrates that God is for or on the side of people with disabilities. And perhaps Christians need to attend to issues of injustice and exclusion and send a clear message about the intrinsic values of disabled people, such as they are not a problem but rather part of the goodness of creation of God. Eiesland’s view that God (the one who is intimately powerful and all-knowing) even experiences disability is an essential call for change on ways society handles disability issues. This theology is founded on constructive ideas embodied in the limits and social models and deconstructs the impairments of the medical and moral models.

 Discussion Questions

  1. In your opinion, do all people experience some level of physical impairment themselves? Explain
  2. According to the article, “the most astonishing fact is, of course, that Christians do not have an able‐bodied God as their primal image. Rather, the Disabled God promising grace through a broken body is the center of piety, prayer, practice, and mission.” Do you think this true? Why or why not?
  3. Do you think the church has done enough to handle the issue of disability and in what ways should the church fight forms of injustice encountered by people with disabilities?

The Rise of Neo-Feudalism

The Rise of Neo-Feudalism

Feudalism has its roots in the Roman Empire system of life. During the reign of the Roman Empire, the rich hosted peasants in their land. They provided them with a place to live and in return, the peasants worked hard on their farms at the benefit of the landowners. As the reign of the Roman Empire weakened, small centralized kingdoms arose. These kingdoms comprised of individuals with different socio-economic capabilities. The feudal system involving the poor living on the rich’s land, giving hard labor in exchange for protection and living became more common.

The main characteristic of feudalism is property ownership is concentrated on some people, leaving a huge gap between the rich and the poor. The wealthy landowners kept the poor families on their land. In return, the peasants provided labor services which include farming and sharing the proceeds of agriculture with the rich landowners. Another characteristic of feudalism is the distinct roles between landowners and the poor that are hosted. For instance, as the poor till the land, the land owner’s role is to provide protection. (Taneja et al., 2020) note that the wealthy landowners ensured that they had a strong military that could protect the working populationCastles also played a role in feudalism where the Lords owned strongly fortified castles, compared to the vassals who had no places to stay.  

It is easy for modern society to slip back to feudalism. One of the elements that could easily lead to feudalism is capitalism. Capitalism has seen the continued growth of the gap between the rich and the poor. Tucker (2020) notes that capitalism has enhanced the development of bourgeoisie economics where the wealthy are extremely wealthy and the poor are extremely poor. Such an imbalance could easily lead to the poor needing the rich for survival, which is essentially feudalism. The provision of services by the poor to the rich in exchange for protection or life in modern-day society might be necessary with the increase in the gap between the wealthy and the poor. The latter is already happening, and that is an indication of the possibility of a society slipping back to feudalism.