Describe the general advantages and disadvantages of the two research approaches featured in the articles.

Week 2 project
Introduction to Course Project
Evidence-based practice involves
a great deal more than simply reading nursing periodicals on a regular basis.
Nurses can take a more proactive approach to evidence-based practice by
identifying authentic problems and concerns, and then using that to guide their
inquiries into current research. In this way, nurses can connect the results of
relevant research studies to their nursing practice.
For the Course Project, you
identify and apply relevant research to a specific nursing topic or problem.
You begin by formulating an answerable question that is relevant to nursing and
evidence-based practice. In later weeks of this course, you continue the Course
Project by conducting a literature review and then determining how the evidence
from the literature can be applied to nursing practice.
Before you begin, review the
Course Project Overview document located in this weeks Learning Resources.
Note: This Course Project will
serve as the Portfolio Assignment for the course. In addition to submitting
portions of this Project in Weeks 2 and 5, you will turn in all three
deliverables in Week 10.
Course Project: Part
1Identifying a Researchable Problem
One of the most challenging
aspects of EBP is to actually identify the answerable question.

Karen Sue Davies
Formulating a question that
targets the goal of your research is a challenging but essential task. The
question plays a crucial role in all other aspects of the research, including
the determination of the research design and theoretical perspective to be
applied, which data will be collected, and which tools will be used for analysis.
It is therefore essential to take the time to ensure that the research question
addresses what you actually want to study. Doing so will increase your
likelihood of obtaining meaningful results.
In this first component of the
Course Project, you formulate questions to address a particular nursing issue
or problem. You use the PICOT modelpatient/population, intervention/issue,
comparison, and outcomeoutlined in the Learning Resources to design your
questions.
To prepare:
Review the article, Formulating
the Evidence Based Practice Question: A Review of the Frameworks, found in the
Learning Resources for this week. Focus on the PICOT model for guiding the
development of research questions.
Review the section beginning on
page 71 of the course text, titled, Developing and Refining Research Problems
in the course text, which focuses on analyzing the feasibility of a research
problem.
Reflect on an issue or problem
that you have noticed in your nursing practice. Consider the significance of
this issue or problem.
Generate at least five questions
that relate to the issue which you have identified. Use the criteria in your
course text to select one question that would be most appropriate in terms of
significance, feasibility, and interest. Be prepared to explain your rationale.
Formulate a preliminary PICO
questionone that is answerablebased on your analysis. What are the PICO
variables (patient/population, intervention/issue, comparison, and outcome) for
this question?
Note: Not all of these variables
may be appropriate to every question. Be sure to analyze which are and are not
relevant to your specific question.
Using the PICOT variables that
you determined for your question, develop a list of at least 10 keywords that
could be used when conducting a literature search to investigate current
research pertaining to the question.
To complete:
Write a 3- to 4-page paper that
includes the following:
A summary of your area of
interest, an identification of the problem that you have selected, and an
explanation of the significance of this problem for nursing practice
The 5 questions you have
generated and a description of how you analyzed them for feasibility
Your preliminary PICOT question
and a description of each PICOT variable relevant to your question
At least 10 possible keywords
that could be used when conducting a literature search for your PICOT question
and a rationale for your selections
By Day 7
Submit your Project. It will also
be a component of your Portfolio Assignment for this course, which is due by
Day 7 of Week 10.
Reference:
Davies, K. S. (2011). Formulating
the evidence based practice question: A review of the frameworks. Evidence
Based Library and Information Practice, 6(2), 7580. Retrieved from
https://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/EBLIP/article/viewFile/9741/8144
Submission and Grading
Information
To submit your completed Project
for review and grading, do the following:
Please save your Project using
the naming convention WK2Proj+last name+first initial.(extension) as the name.
Click the Week 2 Project Rubric
to review the Grading Criteria for the Project.
Click the Week 2 Project link.
You will also be able to View Rubric for grading criteria from this area.
Next, from the Attach File area,
click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as
WK2Proj+last name+first initial.(extension) and click Open.
If applicable: From the
Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to
the Global Reference Database.
Click on the Submit button to
complete your submission.

Week 5 project
Course Project: Part 2Literature Review
This is a continuation of the
Course Project presented in Week 2. Before you begin, review the Course Project
Overview document located in the Week 2 Resources area.
The literature review is a
critical piece in the research process because it helps a researcher determine
what is currently known about a topic and identify gaps or further questions.
Conducting a thorough literature review can be a time-consuming process, but
the effort helps establish the foundation for everything that will follow. For
this part of your Course Project, you will conduct a brief literature review to
find information on the question you developed in Week 2. This will provide you
with experience in searching databases and identifying applicable resources.
To prepare:
Review the information in Chapter
5 of the course text, focusing on the steps for conducting a literature review
and for compiling your findings.
Using the question you selected in
your Week 2 Project (Part 1 of the Course Project), locate 5 or more full-text
research articles that are relevant to your PICOT question. Include at least 1
systematic review and 1 integrative review if possible. Use the search tools
and techniques mentioned in your readings this week to enhance the
comprehensiveness and objectivity of your review. You may gather these articles
from any appropriate source, but make sure at least 3 of these articles are
available as full-text versions through Walden Librarys databases.
Read through the articles
carefully. Eliminate studies that are not appropriate and add others to your
list as needed. Although you may include more, you are expected to include a
minimum of five articles. Complete a literature review summary table using the
Literature Review Summary Table Template located in this weeks Learning
Resources.
Prepare to summarize and
synthesize the literature using the information on writing a literature review
found in Chapter 5 of the course text.
To complete:
Write a 3- to 4-page literature
review that includes the following:
A synthesis of what the studies
reveal about the current state of knowledge on the question that you developed
Point out inconsistencies and
contradictions in the literature and offer possible explanations for
inconsistencies.
Preliminary conclusions on whether
the evidence provides strong support for a change in practice or whether
further research is needed to adequately address your inquiry
Your literature review summary
table with all references formatted in correct APA style
Note: Certain aspects of
conducting a standard review of literature have not yet been covered in this
course. Therefore, while you are invited to critically examine any aspect of
the studies (e.g., a studys design, appropriateness of the theoretic
framework, data sampling methods), your conclusion should be considered
preliminary. Bear in mind that five studies are typically not enough to reflect
the full range of knowledge on a particular question and you are not expected
to be familiar enough with research methodology to conduct a comprehensive
evaluation of all aspects of the studies.
By Day 7 of Week 5
This part of the Course Project is
due. It will also be a component in your Portfolio Assignment in this course,
which is due by Day 7 of Week 10.
Week 7 assignment
Assignment: Critiquing Quantitative, Qualitative, or Mixed Methods
Studies
Critiquing the validity and
robustness of research featured in journal articles provides a critical
foundation for engaging in evidence-based practice. In Weeks 5 and 6, you
explored quantitative research designs. In Week 7, you will examine qualitative
and mixed methods research designs. For this Assignment, which is due by Day 7
of Week 7, you critique a quantitative and either a qualitative or a mixed
methods research study and compare the types of information obtained in each.
To prepare:
Select a health topic of interest
to you that is relevant to your current area of practice. The topic may be your
Course Portfolio Project or a different topic of your choice.
Using the Walden Library, locate
two articles in scholarly journals that deal with your portfolio topic: 1)
Select one article that utilizes a quantitative research design and 2) select a
second article that utilizes either a qualitative OR a mixed methods design.
These need to be single studies not systematic or integrative reviews
(including meta-analysis and metasynthesis). You may use research articles from
your reference list. If you cannot find these two types of research on your
portfolio topic, you may choose another topic.
Locate the following documents in
this weeks Learning Resources to access the appropriate templates, which will
guide your critique of each article:
Critique Template for a
Qualitative Study
Critique Template for a
Quantitative Study
Critique Template for a
Mixed-Methods Study
Consider the fields in the
templates as you review the information in each article. Begin to draft a paper
in which you analyze the two research approaches as indicated below. Reflect on
the overall value of both quantitative and qualitative research. If someone
were to say to you, Qualitative research is not real science, how would you
respond?
To complete this Assignment:
Complete the two critiques using
the appropriate templates.
Write a 2- to 3-page paper that
addresses the following:
Contrast the types of information
that you gained from examining the two different research approaches in the
articles that you selected.
Describe the general advantages
and disadvantages of the two research approaches featured in the articles. Use
examples from the articles for support.
Formulate a response to the claim
that qualitative research is not real science. Highlight the general insights
that both quantitative and qualitative studies can provide to researchers.
Support your response with references to the Learning Resources and other
credible sources.
As you complete this Assignment,
remember to:
Submit your paper to Grammarly and
SafeAssign through the Walden Writing Center. Based on the Grammarly and
SafeAssign reports, revise your paper as necessary.
Reminder: The School of Nursing
requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary,
and references. The School of Nursing Sample Paper provided at the Walden
Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available from
the Walden University website found in this weeks Learning Resources). All
papers submitted must use this formatting.
Combine all three parts of this
assignment into one Word document including both critique templates and the
narrative with your references. Submit this combined document.
By Day 7 of Week 7

Week 10 course project
Course Project: Part 3Translating Evidence Into Practice
In Part 3 of the Course Project,
you consider how the evidence you gathered during Part 2 can be translated into
nursing practice.
Now that you have located
available research on your PICOT question, you will examine what the research
indicates about nursing practices. Connecting research evidence and findings to
actual decisions and tasks that nurses complete in their daily practice is
essentially what evidence-based practice is all about. This final component of
the Course Project asks you to translate the evidence and data from your
literature review into authentic practices that can be adopted to improve
health care outcomes. In addition, you will also consider possible methods and
strategies for disseminating evidence-based practices to your colleagues and to
the broader health care field.
To prepare:
Consider Parts 1 and 2 of your
Course Project. How does the research address your PICOT question?
With your PICOT question in mind,
identify at least one nursing practice that is supported by the evidence in two
or more of the articles from your literature review. Consider what the evidence
indicates about how this practice contributes to better outcomes.
Explore possible consequences of
failing to adopt the evidence-based practice that you identified.
Consider how you would disseminate
information about this evidence-based practice throughout your organization or
practice setting. How would you communicate the importance of the practice?
To complete:
In a 3- to 4-page paper:
Restate your PICOT question and
its significance to nursing practice.
Summarize the findings from the
articles you selected for your literature review. Describe at least one nursing
practice that is supported by the evidence in the articles. Justify your
response with specific references to at least 2 of the articles.
Explain how the evidence-based
practice that you identified contributes to better outcomes. In addition,
identify potential negative outcomes that could result from failing to use the
evidence-based practice.
Outline the strategy for
disseminating the evidence-based practice that you identified throughout your
practice setting. Explain how you would communicate the importance of the
practice to your colleagues. Describe how you would move from disseminating the
information to implementing the evidence-based practice within your
organization. How would you address concerns and opposition to the change in
practice?
By Day 7 of Week 10
This part of the Course Project is
due. It should be combined with the other two components of the Course Project
and turned in as your Portfolio Assignment for this course.
Note: In addition, include a
1-page summary of your project.
For this final iteration, you will
need to:
Submit your paper to Grammarly and
SafeAssign through the Walden Writing Center. Based on the Grammarly and
SafeAssign reports, revise your paper as necessary.
Reminder: The School of Nursing
requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary,
and references. The School of Nursing Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing
Center provides an example of those required elements (available from the
Walden University website found in this weeks Learning Resources). All papers
submitted must use this formatting. Week 2 project Introduction to Course ProjectEvidence-based practice involves
a great deal more than simply reading nursing periodicals on a regular basis.
Nurses can take a more proactive approach to evidence-based practice by
identifying authentic problems and concerns, and then using that to guide their
inquiries into current research. In this way, nurses can connect the results of
relevant research studies to their nursing practice.For the Course Project, you
identify and apply relevant research to a specific nursing topic or problem.
You begin by formulating an answerable question that is relevant to nursing and
evidence-based practice. In later weeks of this course, you continue the Course
Project by conducting a literature review and then determining how the evidence
from the literature can be applied to nursing practice.Before you begin, review the
Course Project Overview document located in this weeks Learning Resources.Note: This Course Project will
serve as the Portfolio Assignment for the course. In addition to submitting
portions of this Project in Weeks 2 and 5, you will turn in all three
deliverables in Week 10.Course Project: Part
1Identifying a Researchable ProblemOne of the most challenging
aspects of EBP is to actually identify the answerable question.Karen Sue DaviesFormulating a question that
targets the goal of your research is a challenging but essential task. The
question plays a crucial role in all other aspects of the research, including
the determination of the research design and theoretical perspective to be
applied, which data will be collected, and which tools will be used for analysis.
It is therefore essential to take the time to ensure that the research question
addresses what you actually want to study. Doing so will increase your
likelihood of obtaining meaningful results.In this first component of the
Course Project, you formulate questions to address a particular nursing issue
or problem. You use the PICOT modelpatient/population, intervention/issue,
comparison, and outcomeoutlined in the Learning Resources to design your
questions.To prepare:Review the article, Formulating
the Evidence Based Practice Question: A Review of the Frameworks, found in the
Learning Resources for this week. Focus on the PICOT model for guiding the
development of research questions.Review the section beginning on
page 71 of the course text, titled, Developing and Refining Research Problems
in the course text, which focuses on analyzing the feasibility of a research
problem.Reflect on an issue or problem
that you have noticed in your nursing practice. Consider the significance of
this issue or problem.Generate at least five questions
that relate to the issue which you have identified. Use the criteria in your
course text to select one question that would be most appropriate in terms of
significance, feasibility, and interest. Be prepared to explain your rationale.Formulate a preliminary PICO
questionone that is answerablebased on your analysis. What are the PICO
variables (patient/population, intervention/issue, comparison, and outcome) for
this question?Note: Not all of these variables
may be appropriate to every question. Be sure to analyze which are and are not
relevant to your specific question.Using the PICOT variables that
you determined for your question, develop a list of at least 10 keywords that
could be used when conducting a literature search to investigate current
research pertaining to the question.To complete:Write a 3- to 4-page paper that
includes the following:A summary of your area of
interest, an identification of the problem that you have selected, and an
explanation of the significance of this problem for nursing practiceThe 5 questions you have
generated and a description of how you analyzed them for feasibilityYour preliminary PICOT question
and a description of each PICOT variable relevant to your questionAt least 10 possible keywords
that could be used when conducting a literature search for your PICOT question
and a rationale for your selectionsBy Day 7Submit your Project. It will also
be a component of your Portfolio Assignment for this course, which is due by
Day 7 of Week 10.Reference: Davies, K. S. (2011). Formulating
the evidence based practice question: A review of the frameworks. Evidence
Based Library and Information Practice, 6(2), 7580. Retrieved from
https://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/EBLIP/article/viewFile/9741/8144Submission and Grading
InformationTo submit your completed Project
for review and grading, do the following:Please save your Project using
the naming convention WK2Proj+last name+first initial.(extension) as the name.Click the Week 2 Project Rubric
to review the Grading Criteria for the Project.Click the Week 2 Project link.
You will also be able to View Rubric for grading criteria from this area.Next, from the Attach File area,
click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as
WK2Proj+last name+first initial.(extension) and click Open.If applicable: From the
Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to
the Global Reference Database.Click on the Submit button to
complete your submission.Week 5 project Course Project: Part 2Literature ReviewThis is a continuation of the
Course Project presented in Week 2. Before you begin, review the Course Project
Overview document located in the Week 2 Resources area.The literature review is a
critical piece in the research process because it helps a researcher determine
what is currently known about a topic and identify gaps or further questions.
Conducting a thorough literature review can be a time-consuming process, but
the effort helps establish the foundation for everything that will follow. For
this part of your Course Project, you will conduct a brief literature review to
find information on the question you developed in Week 2. This will provide you
with experience in searching databases and identifying applicable resources.To prepare:Review the information in Chapter
5 of the course text, focusing on the steps for conducting a literature review
and for compiling your findings.Using the question you selected in
your Week 2 Project (Part 1 of the Course Project), locate 5 or more full-text
research articles that are relevant to your PICOT question. Include at least 1
systematic review and 1 integrative review if possible. Use the search tools
and techniques mentioned in your readings this week to enhance the
comprehensiveness and objectivity of your review. You may gather these articles
from any appropriate source, but make sure at least 3 of these articles are
available as full-text versions through Walden Librarys databases.Read through the articles
carefully. Eliminate studies that are not appropriate and add others to your
list as needed. Although you may include more, you are expected to include a
minimum of five articles. Complete a literature review summary table using the
Literature Review Summary Table Template located in this weeks Learning
Resources.Prepare to summarize and
synthesize the literature using the information on writing a literature review
found in Chapter 5 of the course text.To complete:Write a 3- to 4-page literature
review that includes the following:A synthesis of what the studies
reveal about the current state of knowledge on the question that you developedPoint out inconsistencies and
contradictions in the literature and offer possible explanations for
inconsistencies.Preliminary conclusions on whether
the evidence provides strong support for a change in practice or whether
further research is needed to adequately address your inquiryYour literature review summary
table with all references formatted in correct APA styleNote: Certain aspects of
conducting a standard review of literature have not yet been covered in this
course. Therefore, while you are invited to critically examine any aspect of
the studies (e.g., a studys design, appropriateness of the theoretic
framework, data sampling methods), your conclusion should be considered
preliminary. Bear in mind that five studies are typically not enough to reflect
the full range of knowledge on a particular question and you are not expected
to be familiar enough with research methodology to conduct a comprehensive
evaluation of all aspects of the studies.By Day 7 of Week 5This part of the Course Project is
due. It will also be a component in your Portfolio Assignment in this course,
which is due by Day 7 of Week 10.Week 7 assignment Assignment: Critiquing Quantitative, Qualitative, or Mixed Methods
StudiesCritiquing the validity and
robustness of research featured in journal articles provides a critical
foundation for engaging in evidence-based practice. In Weeks 5 and 6, you
explored quantitative research designs. In Week 7, you will examine qualitative
and mixed methods research designs. For this Assignment, which is due by Day 7
of Week 7, you critique a quantitative and either a qualitative or a mixed
methods research study and compare the types of information obtained in each.To prepare:Select a health topic of interest
to you that is relevant to your current area of practice. The topic may be your
Course Portfolio Project or a different topic of your choice.Using the Walden Library, locate
two articles in scholarly journals that deal with your portfolio topic: 1)
Select one article that utilizes a quantitative research design and 2) select a
second article that utilizes either a qualitative OR a mixed methods design.
These need to be single studies not systematic or integrative reviews
(including meta-analysis and metasynthesis). You may use research articles from
your reference list. If you cannot find these two types of research on your
portfolio topic, you may choose another topic.Locate the following documents in
this weeks Learning Resources to access the appropriate templates, which will
guide your critique of each article:Critique Template for a
Qualitative StudyCritique Template for a
Quantitative StudyCritique Template for a
Mixed-Methods StudyConsider the fields in the
templates as you review the information in each article. Begin to draft a paper
in which you analyze the two research approaches as indicated below. Reflect on
the overall value of both quantitative and qualitative research. If someone
were to say to you, Qualitative research is not real science, how would you
respond?To complete this Assignment:Complete the two critiques using
the appropriate templates.Write a 2- to 3-page paper that
addresses the following:Contrast the types of information
that you gained from examining the two different research approaches in the
articles that you selected.Describe the general advantages
and disadvantages of the two research approaches featured in the articles. Use
examples from the articles for support.Formulate a response to the claim
that qualitative research is not real science. Highlight the general insights
that both quantitative and qualitative studies can provide to researchers.
Support your response with references to the Learning Resources and other
credible sources.As you complete this Assignment,
remember to:Submit your paper to Grammarly and
SafeAssign through the Walden Writing Center. Based on the Grammarly and
SafeAssign reports, revise your paper as necessary.Reminder: The School of Nursing
requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary,
and references. The School of Nursing Sample Paper provided at the Walden
Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available from
the Walden University website found in this weeks Learning Resources). All
papers submitted must use this formatting.Combine all three parts of this
assignment into one Word document including both critique templates and the
narrative with your references. Submit this combined document.By Day 7 of Week 7Week 10 course project Course Project: Part 3Translating Evidence Into PracticeIn Part 3 of the Course Project,
you consider how the evidence you gathered during Part 2 can be translated into
nursing practice.Now that you have located
available research on your PICOT question, you will examine what the research
indicates about nursing practices. Connecting research evidence and findings to
actual decisions and tasks that nurses complete in their daily practice is
essentially what evidence-based practice is all about. This final component of
the Course Project asks you to translate the evidence and data from your
literature review into authentic practices that can be adopted to improve
health care outcomes. In addition, you will also consider possible methods and
strategies for disseminating evidence-based practices to your colleagues and to
the broader health care field.To prepare:Consider Parts 1 and 2 of your
Course Project. How does the research address your PICOT question?With your PICOT question in mind,
identify at least one nursing practice that is supported by the evidence in two
or more of the articles from your literature review. Consider what the evidence
indicates about how this practice contributes to better outcomes.Explore possible consequences of
failing to adopt the evidence-based practice that you identified.Consider how you would disseminate
information about this evidence-based practice throughout your organization or
practice setting. How would you communicate the importance of the practice?To complete:In a 3- to 4-page paper:Restate your PICOT question and
its significance to nursing practice.Summarize the findings from the
articles you selected for your literature review. Describe at least one nursing
practice that is supported by the evidence in the articles. Justify your
response with specific references to at least 2 of the articles.Explain how the evidence-based
practice that you identified contributes to better outcomes. In addition,
identify potential negative outcomes that could result from failing to use the
evidence-based practice.Outline the strategy for
disseminating the evidence-based practice that you identified throughout your
practice setting. Explain how you would communicate the importance of the
practice to your colleagues. Describe how you would move from disseminating the
information to implementing the evidence-based practice within your
organization. How would you address concerns and opposition to the change in
practice?By Day 7 of Week 10This part of the Course Project is
due. It should be combined with the other two components of the Course Project
and turned in as your Portfolio Assignment for this course.Note: In addition, include a
1-page summary of your project.For this final iteration, you will
need to:Submit your paper to Grammarly and
SafeAssign through the Walden Writing Center. Based on the Grammarly and
SafeAssign reports, revise your paper as necessary.Reminder: The School of Nursing
requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary,
and references. The School of Nursing Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing
Center provides an example of those required elements (available from the
Walden University website found in this weeks Learning Resources). All papers
submitted must use this formatting.

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