Pain is an unpleasant physical sensation occurring as a result of nerve sensation due to illness or injury. It can occur to a distinct area in the form of an injury, or it can spread through the body due to disorders like fibromyalgia. By the time most people visit a physician or inform a caregiver about pain, they have tried natural ways of remedying the pain in vain.

Pain is usually a sign of an underlying condition but is essential that health practitioners find a way to relieving it to ease the suffering before diagnosing the likely causes.
These medications help in fast relief from pain.

OTC pain relievers include:

Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as naproxen and ibuprofen
Both NSAIDs and acetaminophen help tom receive pain from stiffness and pain aches, but only NSAIDs can reduce inflammation (irritation and swelling). Both also help to reduce fever.

NSAIDs are sold according to prescription strength by a physician while topical relievers are available without a prescription. You can buy them as sprays. Lotions or creams for application to the skin for pain relief from arthritis or sore muscles.

Prescription corticosteroids relieve pain from inflammations on the body by easing swelling, itching, allergic reaction and skin redness. They are effective when you want to reduce pain from arthritis, asthma or to treat allergies. When patient take them to control pain, the corticosteroids are in the form of injections or pills targeting a specific joint. Prednisone and methylprednisolone are examples of corticosteroids.

Doctors usually prescribe the lowest dose necessary for pain relief for a short period to prevent possible side effects.

These are drugs for treating pain and emotional conditions by adjusting neurotransmitters (natural chemicals) levels in the brain. Antidepressants medications increase the availability of body’s signals for relaxation for signals and well-being enabling pain control to take effect for a patient with chronic pain conditions which do not respond to the usual treatments. Antidepressants work better in relieving nerve and neuropathic pain.

Menstrual pain and some types of headaches such as migraines are some of the chronic pain conditions that antidepressants treat. Treating chronic pain requires the patient to take a steady build-up of dose over time but lower doses than treating depression.

Opioids are narcotic pain relievers containing semi-synthetic, synthetic or natural opiates. They help to treat acute pain such as that which occurs after surgery. Some of the opioids that physicians prescribe frequently are codeine, Oxycodone, and morphine.

The advantage of these drugs is that they do not cause bleeding like some pain relievers. It is unlikely for addiction to occur as doctors rarely prescribe them for short periods. The potential of addiction becomes real if a patient takes opioids for long-term treatment of chronic pain.

If pain relievers does not happen after usual treatments a doctor might refer the patient to a pain management specialist. These specialists may try other treatments like certain types of rare medicines or physical therapy.

One of the methods that pains specialists recommend is the use of patches that they place on the skin to send signals that can help in stopping the pain.

PCA (Patient-controlled analgesia) is another method for controlling pain by allowing a patient to control the amount of pain medication that a pain specialist will administer. It is an in-patient treatment method whereby a patient receives pre-measured dose by pushing a computerized pump’s button to control the dose of pain medication. The pump connects to a small tube allowing intravenous injection of medicine just under the skin or into the spinal area.

It is important to get doctor advice before taking any of the above medications for pain relief.

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