MOST COMMON NURSE SPECIALIZATIONS
Nurse Practitioner (NP) is one of the most popular specialties for the nurses who are interested in advanced practice. Nurse practitioners provide care for the patients during their lifespan and attend to many responsibilities by family practice doctors. A nurse practitioner can opt to further specialize in one area such as gynecology, pediatrics or cardiology. To become an NP requires you to have a Bachelor’s Degree in Nursing, a license to practice, preferably a Master’s degree and complete an NP program.
A midwifery specialization is good for anyone who enjoys working with pregnant mothers. It will make you a better nurse if you get specialized training in obstetrics. It enables you to get knowledge for you to assess and implement proper care plans for the women at all pregnancy stages. Some nurses seek additional complementary specialization in other niche disciplines such as labor and delivery or neonatal care. Many midwives provide routine care, both primary and gynecological to women of different ages.
If you want to become a nurse midwife, you first become a Licensed Registered Nurse and complement it with a midwifery program. In addition to a solid clinical training, nursing midwives should complete practical training for a certain number of hours that mentors in the field will direct. Certification requirements and practice parameters vary from one state to another.
ICU nursing also called critical care nursing is an area specializing in providing care to patients with serious illness or injuries. It is becoming a popular specialty for nurses. It is an excellent choice for nurses who enjoy working in fast paced environments. Although you can train to work in an ICU as a new graduate, it will be helpful if you have worked as an RN doing general nursing chores for at least one year. Some of the nurses opt to narrow down their focus and specialize in cardiac or trauma intensive care units.
Critical care nursing is challenging and requires advanced skills in order save the lives of patients who are critically ill and facing high risk from life-threatening health problems. This includes patients with conditions such as stroke, heart attack, severe trauma, shock, respiratory distress or other serious medical issues requiring immediate and intensive continued care
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Medical-surgical nursing is no longer relegated entry level position for novices under training and has become one of the most popular specialties. Nurses who work in the medical surgery have skills to care for patients recovering from a broad range of conditions during their post-op recovery. Medical surgery nursing is exceptional as it is a practice that is not limited to body systems or disease process. It takes a holistic approach enabling nurses to acquire extensive knowledge and skills on various aspects of nursing care.
Oncology nurse provides care to patients with cancer or those who are at the risk of acquitting the disease. Their work is to monitor the physical condition, prescribe medication, administer chemotherapy and help in managing side effects. They also educate patients about their health status. You become an oncology nurse by first earning nursing degree and licensure before pursuing further training in the specialty when practicing as a nurse. You must obtain Oncology experience for a certain number of hours and pass an exam to receive certification for you to practice as a full oncology nurse.
The nursing profession is evolving fast to meet emerging needs by patients and healthcare facilities. A pre-nursing internship and studying other information of nursing trends is essential in helping you to determine the right specialty.