WHAT ARE THE NURSING DIAGNOSIS FOR HEMATURIA?
It is widely known by psychiatrists that any part of the kidneys or urinary tracts such as the bladder or prostate and the urethra can leak blood to the urine. Therefore, finding the exact cause of hematuria are broad and wide as it ranges from checking infections in the urinary tract, kidney stones, and blood cancer.
Hematuria is caused by many conditions but not all cases of hematuria are serious. Certain exercises that are considered strenuous or medications that the doctor prescribes can cause hematuria. Some of the questions people would like to know is what causes this condition. A lot of factors cause this condition like an infection which can be present in the lower urinary tract or higher in the kidneys or ureters. Other cases such as kidney or bladder stones forming inside the urinary tract causing bleeding or kidney disease that can be associated with blood in the urine. Cancer of the kidney and the bladder may also be associated with blood in the urine. Some of the symptoms to look out for in small children is the sign of blood in the urine. Immediately after this is evident then help is needed.
A nursing diagnosis provides ways for individual care of a patient. It is a procedure that correctly identifies the existing and potential needs or risks to patients and applies a set of actions that will help to resolve diagnosis identified by the nursing assessment report. It is vital for nurses to write care plans as they offer direction for each patient since they have unique lists of diagnosis that are specific to the needs of the patient. These plans are vital to the nursing health community as they help convey how to document by describing the outline and the observations to make plus what the family members require. They also serve as guides for handover of staffs to patients that require specific care which can only be achieved by nurses with specialized skill sets.
The diagnostic data for a Hematuria patient should show cloudy urine with a Ph. that is above seven. Urinalysis is dark red and therefore confirms the presence of hematuria. The nurse should compare the urine pattern with the fluid intake which helps in identifying the characteristics and the effectiveness of the bladder. He or she should encourage the patient to take a lot of fluids and make them avoid caffeine-rich drinks.
Nurses should then obtain a periodic urinalysis, cleanse perineal hygiene area decreasing the risk of skin irritation and development of ascending infection. Assess the patient. In these case, one should note what the patient is going through e.g. if he or she is having an acute pain or sudden, mild to severe pain that may be related to hematuria.
Record the information and analyze it to identify problems that the patient is feeling. Look for outcomes that can be permitted using nursing interventions. One should, however, note that nurses try to diagnose problems that result from the disease process and can never be compared to medical diagnoses which focus on the disease. Check the patient’s vital signs by conducting pain scale questions for the effective dosage of drugs. Document their health record if he or she is doing fine so as to determine the timeframe for a discharge.