Please provide answer to the following questions (1-4). Use APA format, at least one page per question. I have provided relevant references for some of the question, use it and add more references as needed to support your answer. Available References are listed below question 1 & 2; make sure to use at least 2 references to support your answers/question.
1) Why are some people healthy and some people not healthy? Whether or not people are healthy depends on a large number of factors, many of which are interconnected (Skolnik, 2012).
a) What are five leading factors that determine health in low and middle income countries, and how do they differ from those found in high income countries?
b) Explain four reasons for health and/or healthcare disparities worldwide.
c) Explain how knowledge of major determinants of health is an essential foundation for anyone interested in designing effective development strategies for global health.
I. Canadian Nurses Association (CNA), (2009). Position Statement; Global Health and Equity
II. WHO (2008), Closing the gap in a generation. Health inequality through action on the social determinants of health.
2) Most North Americans and Europeans consider cancer, heart disease, or diabetes to be their number one health concern. But in many parts of the world infectious diseases remain responsible for a large proportion of deaths of children, the poor, and other vulnerable population groups (Jacobsen, 2014).
a) What are some of the factors contributing to the increase in HIV incidence and prevalence in some world regions and the decrease in other regions (provide two ideas)? How could additional infections be prevented? Explain two ideas.
b) Stigma and discrimination continue to be a challenge for HIV/AIDS patients and their families. What two remedies do you suggest for decreasing HIV/AIDs stigma and discrimination?
c) Many people with HIV infection would benefit from ARV therapy, but many do not have access to these drugs. Identify two of the barriers to accessing these medications and examples of how these two barriers can be overcome?
Allan M. Brandt, (2013). How aids invented global health. The new England Journal of Medicine. 368(23), 2149-2152
3) The issues and challenges of healthcare exist both domestically and worldwide. Globally, nurses are the largest group of healthcare providers (Dickenson Hazard, 2004). As the healthcare system continues to change, nursing as a profession will redefine its role as not only caregivers but as global leaders (Korniewicz & Palmer, 1997).
a) Explain three reasons why nurses need to be concerned about critical global health issues?
b) As a future global leader, what are three future challenges that demand continued or strengthened collaboration in global health? Why?
c) Discuss what nurses can do to positively impact one of these challenges.
4) Non-governmental organization (NGO) are non-profit organizations that are privately managed and receive at least some of their funding from private sources. NGOs may focus on one particular issue or may address multiple issues in a particular community or region or country (Jacobsen, 2014)
a) If you were going to found a global health NGO, what specific area would you want the NGO to focus on? Why? Give tworeasons b) Explain what your top five global health priorities would be.
c) For each of the five priorities you identified, what is one relatively cost effective method for addressing the concern?